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使用新的 Hermes 引擎

Hermes 是专门针对 React Native 应用而优化的全新开源 JavaScript 引擎。对于很多应用来说,启用 Hermes 引擎可以优化启动时间,减少内存占用以及空间占用。目前 Hermes 是一个可选的特性,本文档会为你介绍如何将其启用。

First, ensure you're using at least version 0.60.4 of React Native.

If you have an existing app based on an earlier version of React Native, you will have to upgrade it first. See Upgrading to new React Native Versions for how to do this. After upgrading the app, make sure everything works before trying to switch to Hermes.

关于兼容性的注意事项

Each Hermes release is aimed at a specific RN version. The rule of thumb is to always follow Hermes releases strictly. Version mismatch can result in instant crash of your apps in the worst case scenario.

对于 Windows 用户的注意事项

Hermes requires Microsoft Visual C++ 2015 Redistributable

启用 Hermes 引擎

Android

Edit your android/app/build.gradle file and make the change illustrated below:

  project.ext.react = [
entryFile: "index.js",
- enableHermes: false // clean and rebuild if changing
+ enableHermes: true // clean and rebuild if changing
]

Also, if you're using ProGuard, you will need to add these rules in proguard-rules.pro :

-keep class com.facebook.hermes.unicode.** { *; }
-keep class com.facebook.jni.** { *; }

Next, if you've already built your app at least once, clean the build:

$ cd android && ./gradlew clean

That's it! You should now be able to develop and deploy your app as usual:

$ npx react-native run-android

关于 Android App Bundles 格式的支持

Android app bundles 格式从 react-native 0.62.0 版本开始支持。

iOS

Since React Native 0.64, Hermes also runs on iOS. To enable Hermes for iOS, edit your ios/Podfile file and make the change illustrated below:

   use_react_native!(
:path => config[:reactNativePath],
# to enable hermes on iOS, change `false` to `true` and then install pods
- :hermes_enabled => false
+ :hermes_enabled => true
)

Next, install the Hermes pods:

$ cd ios && pod install

That's it! You should now be able to develop and deploy your app as usual:

$ npx react-native run-ios

检查 Hermes 引擎是否启用

If you've recently created a new app from scratch, you should see if Hermes is enabled in the welcome view:

Where to find JS engine status in AwesomeProject

A HermesInternal global variable will be available in JavaScript that can be used to verify that Hermes is in use:

const isHermes = () => !!global.HermesInternal;

If you are using a non-standard way of loading the JS bundle, it is possible that the HermesInternal variable is available but you aren't using the highly optimised pre-compiled bytecode. Confirm that you are using the .hbc file and also benchmark the before/after as detailed below.

To see the benefits of Hermes, try making a release build/deployment of your app to compare. For example:

$ npx react-native run-android --variant release

or for iOS:

$ npx react-native run-ios --configuration Release

This will compile JavaScript to bytecode during build time which will improve your app's startup speed on device.

使用 Chrome 浏览器的开发工具来调试 Hermes 中运行的 JS

Hermes supports the Chrome debugger by implementing the Chrome inspector protocol. This means Chrome's tools can be used to directly debug JavaScript running on Hermes, on an emulator or on a real, physical, device.

Note that this is very different with the "Remote JS Debugging" from the In-App Developer Menu documented in the Debugging section, which actually runs the JS code on Chrome's V8 on your development machine (laptop or desktop).

Chrome connects to Hermes running on device via Metro, so you'll need to know where Metro is listening. Typically this will be on localhost:8081, but this is configurable. When running yarn start the address is written to stdout on startup.

Once you know where the Metro server is listening, you can connect with Chrome using the following steps:

  1. Navigate to chrome://inspect in a Chrome browser instance.

  2. Use the Configure... button to add the Metro server address (typically localhost:8081 as described above).

Configure button in Chrome DevTools devices page

Dialog for adding Chrome DevTools network targets

  1. You should now see a "Hermes React Native" target with an "inspect" link which can be used to bring up debugger. If you don't see the "inspect" link, make sure the Metro server is running. Target inspect link

  2. You can now use the Chrome debug tools. For example, to breakpoint the next time some JavaScript is run, click on the pause button and trigger an action in your app which would cause JavaScript to execute. Pause button in debug tools